The care and treatment of the small patients requires not only a special empathy but also an understanding of the peculiarities of the child's skin. This differs considerably from the adult skin. The immune system of the child is not yet mature and is still developing. The pH of the skin and the microbial colonization change drastically shortly after birth. Overall, the child's skin is very sensitive and not as resistant as it is in adults. With puberty, the hormonal balance changes and this also has effects on the skin and its appendages such. B. sebaceous glands. As a result, different diseases can accumulate at different ages. By understanding the child's or youthful skin specifics, we can adapt to treat these diseases and thus restore a healthy and aesthetic complexion.